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Can lithium batteries go on airplanes-introduction and guidance?

Jan 09, 2023   Pageview:139

Lithium batteries are a common type of rechargeable battery that is widely used in a variety of electronic devices, including laptops, smartphones, and cameras. However, there are strict regulations regarding the transportation of lithium batteries by air, which can make it confusing for travelers to determine whether or not they are allowed to bring these batteries on a plane.

But can you bring these batteries on a plane? Although batteries could cause fire, it is possible to bring them on a plane as long as they are properly packaged and labeled. In this article, we will introduce the transportation of lithium batteries on airplanes and offer guidance on how to transport them properly.

Can you put lithium-ion batteries on a plane?

Yes, you can bring lithium-ion batteries on a plane, but there are some restrictions that must be followed. According to the International Air Transport Association (IATA), lithium-ion batteries are allowed in carry-on bags and checked luggage as long as they are not installed in a device. This means you can bring spare lithium-ion batteries with you on a plane, as long as they are stored in a protective case or packaging to prevent short circuits.

In addition to restrictions on the quantity, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) also focuses on the batteries state of charge. Lithium-ion batteries must be carried in a fully charged state but not overcharged. Batteries that are damaged, leaking, or swollen are also not allowed on planes

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It is important to note that there are limits on the number of lithium-ion batteries you can bring with you on a plane. According to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), you can bring up to two spare lithium-ion batteries that are 100 watt-hours (Wh) or less per battery on a plane. If the lithium-ion batteries are larger than 100 Wh, you can only bring one spare battery with you on a plane.

Lithium-ion batteries with a rating of more than 100 Wh, but not more than 160 Wh, are also allowed on planes, but only in carry-on luggage. Only one battery is allowed per passenger and must be placed in a protective pouch. The batteries must be placed in their original retail packaging.

Batteries with a rating of more than 160 Wh are not allowed on planes, regardless of whether they are in carry-on or checked luggage.

Why can't you take a lithium battery on a plane?

While it is allowed to bring lithium batteries on a plane, some restrictions are in place due to the potential fire hazard these batteries can pose. Lithium batteries have been known to catch fire or explode if they are damaged, short-circuited, or subjected to high temperatures. Having a higher energy density than other types of batteries makes them more prone to overheating and catching fire.

If a lithium battery overheats or catches fire on a plane, it could cause serious damage to the aircraft and potentially endanger the lives of passengers and crew.

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To reduce the risk of a lithium battery fire on a plane, the FAA has implemented strict regulations on the transportation of these batteries by air. These regulations include limits on the number of lithium batteries that can be brought on a plane and requirements for proper packaging and labeling of lithium batteries.

It is important to note that devices that contain lithium batteries, such as laptops and smartphones, are generally allowed on planes, as long as they are carried on or placed in checked luggage. However, these devices must be turned off and cannot be used during the flight.

Finally, some countries have banned the import of certain types of lithium batteries or have specific requirements for their transportation. It's important to be aware of these regulations and to comply with them when traveling with lithium batteries.

H2023 lithium battery guidance.

If you are planning to travel by air with lithium batteries, it is important to follow the guidelines set by the FAA and the IATA to ensure that you are in compliance with the regulations. Here are some tips to help you properly transport lithium batteries on a plane:

Check the watt-hours (Wh) of your lithium batteries.

As mentioned earlier, you are only allowed to bring up to two spare lithium ion batteries that are 100 Wh or less per battery on a plane. If your lithium batteries are larger than 100 Wh, you are only allowed to bring one spare battery with you on a plane.

Pack lithium batteries in your carry-on or checked luggage.

Lithium batteries must be placed in carry-on or checked bags and cannot be shipped as cargo. If its your personal batteries, you can pack them in your bag. 

Protect lithium batteries from short circuits.

To prevent short circuits, it is recommended to store lithium batteries in a protective case or packaging. This can help to prevent the battery terminals from coming into contact with metal objects, such as coins or keys.

Label lithium batteries as required.

If you are bringing more than two spare lithium batteries with you on.  

Do not pack damaged or recalled batteries.

If a lithium battery has been damaged or recalled, it may be a safety hazard and should not be transported by air. Damaged batteries may cause fire or produce poisonous gases.

Follow the size and weight limits set by the ICAO and IATA.

These limits vary depending on the type of battery and the type of device it is used in.

In conclusion, it is possible to bring lithium batteries on a plane, but there are certain restrictions in place due to the potential fire hazard they pose. Passengers should familiarize themselves with the current lithium battery guidance and be prepared for any updates that may be made in H2023. One should also be aware of any additional restrictions or requirements set by your airline. Each airline may have its own specific policies and requirements for the transportation of lithium batteries, so it's always a good idea to check with your airline before packing them

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